Although CBD is starting to gain some interest within the scientific community (and a lot of traction among the general public), this compound remains largely misunderstood. Despite being readily available in both prescription and non-prescription forms, its benefits are only beginning to be revealed – mostly through anecdotal evidence.
But although science is limited, it’s still there. At the very least, we understand the chemical makeup of CBD and how it has helped a lot of people deal with the symptoms of their illnesses. Individuals who use CBD tend to report a feeling of relaxation without impairing cognitive skills, allowing for pain and anxiety relief, to name a couple.
If you’re just recently discovering CBD, then chances are you’ll find confusing information. Setting the record straight is critical if you expect to find the right product. Of course, if you plan on putting this product in your body, it’s doubly important to know exactly what CBD is.
What is CBD?
CBD stands for “cannabidiol.” It’s found in all variations of the cannabis plant, but is particularly present in its industrial variant, hemp. The difference is crucial. Many people assume that “cannabis” refers to marijuana, a drug rich in the psychoactive chemical called “THC.” In reality, cannabis is just a genus of plants, which branches into different versions – marijuana and hemp being two examples.
Hemp only has trace amounts of THC, making it non-psychoactive. Because it doesn’t get you “high,” it’s not treated as a controlled substance by the federal and state governments. In fact, hemp is used in a variety of nutritional health supplements and industrial products like rope.
The CBD itself is extracted from the plant. Manufacturers then take that extract and, through an industrial process, transfer the compound into an oil solution which is then sold through medical marijuana dispensaries or in the open market as a supplement, depending on whether it comes from the marijuana or cannabis varieties (more on that later).
Chemical Makeup of CBD
Scientists have managed to determine the molecular structure of CBD. The formula is as follows: C21H30O2.
For those of you who might not remember high school chemistry, let’s take a second to do a quick refresher.
The letters represent the elements present as per the periodic table. In this case, CBD contains carbon (“C”), hydrogen (“H”) and oxygen (“O”). The numbers stand for the amount of atoms present from each element. CBD contains 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms and two oxygen atoms.
CBD Oil vs. CBD Hemp Oil
Earlier, we talked about cannabis being a genus, with marijuana and hemp being just two members of that family – although the psychoactive marijuana variation has other branches as well. CBD oil as a generic term is attributed to both plants, but it’s important not to use it interchangeably. The difference is significant.
The literal definition of CBD oil refers to CBD extracted from marijuana, such as cannabis sativa or cannabis indica. There are a couple of major things that separate this from its hemp counterpart.
First and foremost, marijuana does contain CBD, but it also has a significant amount of THC. As a result, the plant is psychoactive. This means that the effects experienced won’t be the same as pure CBD. Users can therefore expect a “high” to some degree. Consequently, taking this oil could impair cognitive skills, albeit slightly. This is an important safety issue if you need to do things like go to work or operate a vehicle.
From a legal standpoint, CBD oil’s THC content makes it a controlled substance under state and federal laws. While some states, such as Colorado, have legalized it completely, most other states only offer this type of oil through a medical prescription. It’s still illegal across the board on a federal level.
CBD Hemp Oil
As the name implies, CBD hemp oil is made from the extract of the hemp plant. Unlike marijuana and its variants, hemp has almost no THC. People who use CBD hemp oil won’t experience any psychoactive effects. It allows users to benefit from CBD without worrying about becoming impaired.
Hemp’s lack of THC also keeps it from being labeled a controlled substance. In turn, retailers can sell it on the open market without any kind of federal or state interference. It’s on the same level as any other kind of supplement, so a prescription isn’t required.
Whether you’re getting it medicinally through a licensed marijuana provider or as a hemp extract via health food websites or stores, CBD is showing a great deal of promise. For your safety and benefit, knowing what CBD is and which variations you need is important information. If you think that CBD oil or CBD hemp oil might be right for you, make sure you talk to your doctor to go over your options.
In this article, we discussed the following:
- CBD (cannabidiol) is present in both marijuana and hemp, but hemp generally contains higher concentrations of CBD.
- Hemp is extremely low in THC, making it non-psychoactive.
- CBD Hemp oil and CBD oil are two different things, the fundamental differences being their legality and effects on cognitive ability due to their THC content.
- Always consult a medical professional before using CBD (or any supplement) for therapeutic purposes.